Archaeologists in the Czech Republic have discovered the oldest known glass workshop at a site north of the Alps used for ceremonial purposes.
The Iron Age workshop, part of an early settlement site known as Nemis, was active in the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, making a variety of glass bangles and beads. During the excavation, archaeologists found more than 2000 gold and silver coins. The Celts Inhabited continental Europe, indicating that the site was a trading center. According to a study published in the journal June 29, the team also found a sanctuary that suggests Iron Age people performed rituals there. Antiquity.
Researchers discovered Nemis during excavations in 2002, and subsequent surveys found huts, bronze urns, and coins scattered throughout the site. The coins are indications that Nemis was part of the “Amber Road”, a large Central European network connecting the Baltic coast with the Mediterranean region. However, more than 20 years would pass before they found the glass workshop, according to a statement.
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Although no glass-making tools were found there, researchers found a mixture of finished and incomplete glass and amber items, which could indicate that they were made onsite and not imported from elsewhere.
“No one yet knows how the Celts made glass bracelets,” lead author Ivan Čižmář, an archaeologist at the Institute of Archaeological Heritage in Brno, Czech Republic, said in a statement. “So we were interested in something that said something about the manufacturing technology.”
In addition to the artifacts, the researchers found a rectangular structure that resembles ancient buildings, including ritual structures. Sandberg’s site The study says that Austria was once occupied by Celts.
“The presence of these sacred features in Němčice indicates the character of the site not only as a trade and production center, but also as an elite and ritual center,” said Čižmář.