• Wed. Feb 28th, 2024

Competing with NASA: China’s future mission beyond the lunar surface

Competing with NASA: China’s future mission beyond the lunar surface

Washington / Beijing: China’s space exploration is taking a leap with its advanced spacecraft, capable of lunar and deep space missions, setting the stage for groundbreaking discoveries. Discover China’s ambitious vision to build a space station and explore deep space to challenge NASA in the global space race.


In the field of space exploration, China has proven itself as a major player with impressive achievements. After the successful launch of India’s Chandrayaan-3, China is gearing up to expand its space exploration activities. While India is focused on lunar missions, China is aiming for a ground-breaking mission that goes beyond the moon. In this article, we examine China’s plans to launch a new-age crewed spacecraft capable of traveling to the Moon and beyond, effectively challenging even NASA in the Great Space Race.

China’s ambitious mission

China’s space agency has always been keen on pushing the boundaries of space exploration. The recent success of India’s Chandrayaan-3 has prompted China to accelerate its space program. Their vision includes launching a state-of-the-art spacecraft by 2027, designed not only for lunar missions but also for deep space.

A new generation of spacecraft

Yang Liwei, deputy chief designer of China’s human spaceflight program, revealed that the future spacecraft will serve two purposes: building a space station and conducting deep space exploration. This ambitious project will fly between 2027 and 2028

Reusability and Long March 10 rocket

Unlike previous missions, China’s new spacecraft will be partially reusable, demonstrating the country’s commitment to sustainable space exploration. To facilitate the launch of the spacecraft, China is developing a new rocket, aptly named Long March 10. The combination of reusability and advanced rocket technology will propel China’s space program to new heights.

Lunar Transfer Orbit and Tiangong Space Station

One of the most notable features of the deep-space variant of China’s spacecraft is its ability to carry three astronauts into a lunar transfer orbit. Once this achievement is realized, it will cement China’s position in space exploration. Additionally, a low-Earth orbit variant of the spacecraft is under development, which could carry four to seven astronauts to China’s Tiangong space station.

Currently, China uses the Shenzhou spacecraft to send three astronauts into low Earth orbit. Yang Liwei, who became the country’s first astronaut to reach orbit on the Shenzhou-5 mission in 2003, symbolizes China’s dedication to space exploration. Currently, the Shenzo-16 crew, which arrived on May 30 for an extended six-month mission, resides at the Tiangong Space Station.

Challenges NASA’s Artemis mission

As China unveils its ambitious lunar and deep space missions, it directly challenges NASA’s Artemis mission. As NASA plans to send a man to the moon again in 2025, China’s vision of landing astronauts on the moon shows its relentless pursuit of space exploration milestones.


In conclusion, China’s Chandrayaan, a pioneering mission beyond the Moon, reflects the country’s unwavering dedication to space exploration. China is setting the stage for unprecedented achievements in space, with plans to launch a new-age crewed spacecraft powered by the Long March 10 rocket, which will be partly reusable and propellant. The deep space variant’s ability to carry astronauts to lunar transfer orbit and the low earth orbit variant’s link to the Tiangong space station reinforce China’s determination to be at the forefront of space exploration.

As the world watches eagerly, China’s space agency has cemented its position as a global contender in the space race. As India’s Chandrayaan-3 paves the way, China’s ambitions extend beyond the lunar surface, ushering humanity into a new era of space exploration.

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